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Projective plane: a history

Klaus Volkert


We present the early history of projective space in dimensions two and three from a topological point of view (in the last third of the 19th century). In particular we study different models of these intriguing manifolds and the question of their topological invariants.


projective plane, projective space, history of topology

Mathematical Subject Classification 2010

Primary: 01A55, 01A60


Received: 11th November 2012
Accepted: 12th February 2013
Published: 13th May 2013
Editor: Erhard Scholz